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MANAGEMENT & PLANTING CLOVERS
USAGE: For Forage and haying. Can be seeded alone or in
established grasses. Used for all wildlife, grazing animals. Good Erosion preventive crop. --- Supplies
nitrogen to the soil for land building. Seed in existing pastures for forage improvement.
PREPARATION: If planted alone prepare
level and firm bed with soil pH 5.5-6.0 and moist if possible. To incorporate into a
grass sod it should be grazed or mowed short and lightly disked to expose soil for direct
If drill is used for planting - Do not disk or
observe planting depth caution.
MAINTENANCE: Planting for pasturage requires intensive
management for full benefit. The high nitrogen content does not allow the full time
pasturage of clover alone because of the problem of bloating.
Sustainable pastures should contain a 30%clover to 70% grass
average for the best utilization of nitrogen producing plants.
ADAPTATION: Clovers are cool season legumes. Well drained, fertile soil. Clovers are heavy
users of water and will not grow on deep sand beds or sandy soils
without underlying clay foundations.
Red Clovers and White Clovers are the principal clovers
used for forage, wildlife food plots etc.
RED CLOVERS- Need good soil and well
drained, firm seedbeds and inoculants. Fall and spring plantings.
VARIETIES INCLUDE: Alyce, bur-clover, bur-spotted,
button, alsike, crimson, persian, red, sub, white ladino, sour,
white and yellow sweet clovers, arrowleaf, with sub-varieties of
Alyce is a perennial reseeding clover.
Cherokee Red Clover (Dixie, Flame, Tibbee and Chief) is a
clover developed in the state of Fla. and specifically selected
for an earlier spring production. Has a higher nematode resistance
than other red clovers. Can be one of the better hay crops for
Fla. if managed correctly. Plant at 8-20lb/a depending upon method
of sowing seeds and never sow on hot, dry soil. Wait for some
moisture or irrigate or very early in the morning while dew point
is higher. Scarify soil when overseeding and don’t apply
nitrogen unless starting a new planting with other seeds and then
only small amounts.
Crimson- Inoculate, broadcast 10-25lb/a at 0-1/2in
August –September depending upon Zone. Needs well-drained soil.
Varieties: ( ladino, Osceola, New Zealand White) are cool
season legumes, need moisture areas and are one of the highest
nutritional forages available for pasturage. Having a 15% protein
value and high digestibility rate, depending upon soil moisture;
white clover greatly increases animal productivity and health.
Pasture mixes should be 30%clover-70%grasses.
Mowing or grazing to
control the grass in the fall will help clover re-growth to occur.
If not reseeding apply fertilizer at this time. If for any reason
grasses decline (freeze, drought, etc.) clover will adapt by
taking over, as it is very prolific given the right circumstances.
Grass should then be reintroduced to re-establish the 30-70
Use southern varieties for zones 1&2 and follow guidelines for
fall and spring plants, inoculate, broadcast at 5-10lb/a 0-1/2in.