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MILLETS & Millet Seeds
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Pearl Millet section.
BUY PASTURE &
BROWN TOP MILLET Panicum ramosum
Originated in South East Asia. Brown Top is an annual growing 2-5 feet
tall. Used for hay production, wildlife applications and as a summer
grazing crop. It is also used in Southern locations as a "nurse crop" for
erosion control during the establishment phase of slower growing perennial
grasses (along highway banks / turf slope areas.) Its abundance of seed
production makes it very attractive to dove and quail. When planted with
corn or alone and then flooded after it matures in the fall, it is one of the
best choices in a food supply for wild ducks available. Less productive
than Sudangrass, hybrid millets and cattail, but is firmer stemmed and less rank
in growth. Will usually volunteer or reseed itself easily on fields
flooded in fall for duck hunting.
MORE COMPLETE INFORMATION ABOUT
BROWN TOP MILLET
Drill 20 - Broadcast 30 - 40 lbs / acre.
Cover 1/4 to 1/2 inch.
Plant in mid summer / late summer or in spring after danger of freeze /
frost has past.
FOXTAIL MILLET Setaria italica
Foxtail is an annual warm-season grass that grows 2-5 feet under
cultivation. Has broad flat leavesl 8 to 16 inches long, tapering to a
sharp point. Cultivated in China as early as 2700 BC, Foxtail was
introduced into the US in 1849. Grown throughout the Great Plains region.
German is an improved variety used for silage, pasture and green-chop.
Produces an abundance of hay in 6-8 weeks.
Sow on rich land at 20-40 lbs / acre
Plant April to August. 1/4" soil coverage
Use higher planting rates for broadcast coverage.
Echinochloa crusgalli var frumentacea
Also called Japanese Barnyard millet (aka: Billion-dollar grass).
Occasionally grown as a forage grass, mostly in Eastern USA from Florida to
Maine. In other far east countries it is grown for feed or edible seeds.
Probably originated from common weed "barnyard-grass". Is an annual that
grows up to 2 feet in height. Used as feed for game birds or in pastures.
Does NOT produce good hay.
Sow at 40 lbs / acre -- 1/4 inch soil coverage.
Plant April to August.
WHITE PROSO MILLET Panicum milaceum
White Proso Millet is mainly grown in Colorado and Dakotas. It has little
importance in the South, and does not produce much seed in this area.
Produced primarily on large acreage Midwest acreage for use in bird feed
mixtures (Millions of pounds) and for livestock feed. The white and red
varieties are leading types planted.
40 lbs per / acre.
Plant in early spring after danger of frost throughout summer.
Plant 1/2 to 1 inch deep.
DOVE PROSO MILLET Panicum miliaceum
Dove Proso was introduced into the US by the USDA from Almora India around
1961. This selection was evaluated and production expanded because of its
good performance. Dove Proso millet grows 3-6 feet in height and looks
similar to oat at the top of the plant. The seed do NOT mature uniformly
at one time but gradually throughout late summer and fall (on spring plantings).
This provides a greater source of fresh feed (seeds) for wildlife and birds.
Seeds have a shiny seed coat and do not mold or mildew easily, thus retaining
attraction for birds. Must be planted each year as it does not volunteer
very well. Adapted to entire SE states. Matures in about 75 days
after emergence. Uses: Hay, forage, grazing, wildlife. Tremendous
attractant for quail, dove and pigeons.
Plant in 36-42 inch rows / 10 lbs per acre.
Plant broadcast or with drill at 20 - 40 lbs. / acre.
Seed should be 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep on firm / weed free seed bed.
Managers recommend minimal field size plots of 5 acres for best results.
Fertilize as per soil test.
PENNLEAF HYBRID PEARL MILLET Pennisetum Glaucum
Pennleaf brand pearl millet is a hybrid warm season forage grass used for grazing live stock and horses. This is an improved hybrid pearl millet with excellent leaf to stem
ratio. If managed properly you will get high leaf yield per acre. This pearl millet should be rotationally grazed with grazing stopped when plants reach 8-10 inches.
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS: Pearl millet, as with all warm season grasses can develop high levels of nitrates if high levels of nitrogen fertilizer are applied during
periods of poor plant growth, such as drought.
RATE: 25-30 lbs. Drilled or broadcast.
DATE: Late spring, after danger of frost through summer
METHOD: Plant into a firm seedbed no more than 1/4 inch deep. Although Pearl millet tolerates lower pH and fertility than sorghum-sudan, it responds very well to lime and higher
rates of fertility.